Gen4 ZX-10R Gearing
Over the last few track
events I tested a 16/43 Gearing with a couple links added
to the overall chain length and was not happy with the
way the Traction Control kept activating nor the changes
it made to the handling by extending the wheelbase and
forcing me to use extra effort in just steering the bike
regardless of my geometry settings so I went back to the
shorter chain and used a 16/41 combination and funny
enough I found it a better combination for than the 16/40
I had been running. Probably more about shortening the
wheelbase than actually making the gearing lower, but
whatever works... so 16/41 is what I am sticking with
Unlike my past bikes I did not have a stack of different sprockets to test on this new bike so I went with the old standard of one down in the front & one up in the back. With the stock gearing being 17/39 that makes my new gearing choice a 16/40
I really haven't found the need to alter it any more as it already has the wheelie control working overtime and killing my drive more times per lap than I can count and not knowing any differently I will just continue to use this combination as is. I will say that I have used this 16/40 on the street & the track and it is equally at home on both.
What is written below is not specific to the ZX-10R. It is merely a collection of thoughts and experiences I have gathered over the years that I like to include on these gearing pages.
Aluminum sprockets: Never buy an aluminum sprocket that is not Hard Anodized. The Hard Anodizing process greatly extends the life of the sprocket & is easily worth the extra $10 or so it costs for them. The OEM 530 pitch rear sprockets are steel & are built for durability, but the extra weight of the streel versus a lighter aluminum sprocket makes the bike harder to stop, steer & accelerate due to the additional rotating mass on the wheels. I mean you bought a top of the line high performance sportbike you might as well do all you can to get the most out of it & aluminum sprockets, even though they are going to wear out faster than steel they are still pretty damn cheap mods in the scope of things. If you can buy an $11,000+ bike you oughta be able to spend $60-$80 on a sprocket every now & then plus if you keep you chain maintenance done properly especially proper chain slack then you can get some incredible mileage out of them.
I have tried just about every single brand of sprocket known to man, even used to pay big bucks (about $90 each & waited forever to get them) for the Renthal's cause I figured if the HONDA team used them they must be good (WRONG!) I have had issues with them being out of round and the hard anodized Renthals wear very quickly compared to other brands. The hard truth is those companies GIVE those sprockets away to race teams by the bucketfulls so they can say that a Pro Race team uses their products and gain market exposure. In all the years I have been testing & selling sprockets I will rest my reputation every single time on the AFAM brand even now, but they have gotten really difficult to find and it appears they changed their manufacturing process. They used to do a hard anodized finish with Teflon Impregnation, but seems now it is just hard anodizing only which is obviously cheaper, but also does not last as long as they used to.
That being said there are some newer steel sprockets that have made it to the market in the last decade like the Superlight Steel sprockets from Drive Systems which are sold in the 520 size. This is the perfect way to still shave some rotational mass off the bike and get excellent longevity out of your sprockets too. Being blunt with it all these new liter bikes like the ZX-10R, S1000RR and V4 Panigale's etc are coming with around 200hp at the wheel so it's not like we really have to fight over ounces of saved weight anymore.
I have sold thousands of these Superlight Steels at this point in time and they are what I have been using on my own personal bikes. Best value for the money I can offer anyone and some of my customers are getting 25,000+ miles out of a chain kit with them... Yes, they do weigh more than aluminum sprockets, but they are still significantly lighter than the OEM steel sprockets and with proper chain maintenance will last a very long time when compared to aluminum sprockets.
I can also throw my
opinion out for 3 more things with great certainty:
SuperSprox: Everytime I turn around on a message forum someone brings up the issue of SuperSprox sprockets. This is where they take an aluminum hub and rivet a steel out ring of teeth to it to give the user the best of both worlds etc... As far as I am concerne nothing could be further from the truth. The cost of the Supersprox sprockets is much higher than the cost of a quality aftermarket hard anodized aluminum sprocket and WAY higher than a steel rear sprocket. Here is the real kicker for me though as I had to order one of these for a very insistent customer not too long ago and when I weighed the 530 Supersprox sprocket it actually weighed MORE than the OEM steel sprocket it was replacing. Seems ridiculous to me to spend more money for less performance...
530 vs 520 conversion
Ok this question comes up a lot. The difference between a 530 & a 520 is that the 520 chain is slightly smaller in width & of course with that it weighs less. Less weight means you can spin up the rotating mass faster (better acceleration). People incorrectly get the idea that the 520 chain being lighter & smaller is inferior to all 530 or even 525 chains and that is simply not the case when the quality of the chain is taken into consideration. A high quality 520 Chain like the DID ERV-II stuff is just as strong as the OEM 530 chains they are replacing or at least close enough that the issue of accelerated wear is just not an issue. Now if you are buying cheap 520 chains from lesser brands then yea you may very well have longevity problems, but stick to the DID brand and you need not worry about the quality. I have personally used DID ERV3 chains for almost 2 decades now on everythign from RC51's to GSXR1000's to my new ZX-10R and we recently used the same DID ERV3 520 chain with Alloy sprockets for an entire race season on our 205rwhp BWM S1000RR race bike and had zero problems so I know damn good and well they work and the newer DID ZVM-X chain is rated even higher than the ERV3.
Longevity (chain and sprocket life):
all depends on how well you keep up with your chain
maintenance. A chain needs to be kept clean, lubed and
have properly adjusted chain slack at all times. If you
meet those conditions an OEM chain will easily net you
10,000 or more miles. I've seen some guys get 25000+ out
Additional key points:
If you are switching to a 520 chain you must buy 520 sprockets to go with it! You cannot use the OEM 530 sprockets with your new 520 chain nor can you use 520 sprockets with a 530 chain even though the chain will physically fit on the sprockets there is too much lateral slop and you don't want that happening.
Typically if you are racing the bike & need every ounce of help you can get go ahead & switch to the 520 conversion now (new chain & sprockets).
If your bike is new (chain & sprockets are in good condition) & primarily a streetbike or just an occasional trackday machine then I suggest just swapping out the sprockets in the same 530 pitch & leaving the OEM 530 chain on the bike. When the time comes that you do finally wear out the OEM 530 chain then you can decide at that time if you want to do the 520 conversion (I would) since you generally have to replace both the chain & sprockets together anyway.
It is also important to remember that a
chain that is a little too loose is ALWAYS better than
one that is too tight. A chain that is too tight can
limit the proper movement of the suspension stroke and
cause greatly accelerated wear on the sprockets. I've
even seen them pull the countershaft out of the engine
case and destroy the bearings/seals from extreme cases of
having a chain that is too tight.
Let's talk chain
This just recently came up in conversation on another message forum where a couple riders had complained about their fairly new X-Ring high end chain had the x-rings literally falling apart. Many years ago I had personally experienced a similar issue with an OEM o-ring chain and what had happened is I had used a very stiff plastic bristle brush to clean the chain and the bristles actually started to tear at the rubber o-rings and cause them to fall apart. In this recently reported incident though the owners were stating that they did not use stiff bristle brushes etc, but there was a common denominator in that they were all using Motul Chain Cleaner. Now while the ingredients in the chain cleaner might not be caustic to the rubber o-rings or x-rings that does not mean that the propellant inside the can to get that detergent to the chain isn't. When I pulled the MSDS sheet on the chain cleaner it showed Butane & Propane as ingredients and both of those are deemed unsatisfactory for use with EPDM rubber. It was also stated in the Motul literature that the product was supposed to be applied in short bursts whereas the users were simply spraying it out of the can in long durations and rotating the wheel slowly by hand to coat the chain with the cleaner. This prolonged spraying allows the propellant in the can to saturate the rubber o-rings and start to deteorate them instead of evaporating quickly. Don't misconstrue I am not opposed to using Motul Chain Cleaner I am simply saying that if you do not use it correctly you may be subjecting your o-ring chain to premature failure. Additionally it is highly likely that it is not just Motul Chain Cleaner that this would be an issue with. I am reasonably sure other cleaners and even other brands of aerosol chain lubrication also contain propellants that are harmful to the rubber o-rings so too much of a good thing can easily become a bad problem.
I was asked
about my own chain maintenance and what I recommend. The
short answer is I use WD-40 for cleaning and light lube
at all times. When I take the time to
actually lube the chain properly it is usually Repsol
Chain Lube. for the sake of clarification I am
not a fan of Repsol products as I find their engine oils
to be very inferior, but their chain lube product is
excellent. It sprays out of the can in a very fine,
atomized and controlled mist and is easy to clean up if
you get any overspray.
With OEM gearing most Japanese bike speedometers are designed to indicate about 7-8% faster than you are actually traveling at freeway speeds (around 70mph).That error is non-linear in that as you increase speed the error grows so by the time you are at an indicated 130mph the speedo error may be as high as 13-14%. At the same time if you are traveling at an indicated 35mph the speedo is almost perfectly accurate. it is designed that way by the engineers.
If you change your gearing ratio then you alter that error. By lowering the overall gearing to say 15/42 sprockets you have increased what was originally a 7-8% error at freeway speeds to about a 12-13% error. That is why there are several versions of speedo recalibrators on the market.